Treatment may not be needed if there are no symptoms. There isn’t a cure for horseshoe kidney, but the symptoms can be treated if they cause problems (“supportive treatment”).
Blockage of urine flow (“obstruction”) and urine flowing backwards from the bladder (“vesicoureteral reflux”) are very common in patients with horseshoe kidney. These can both be fixed with surgery.
A horseshoe kidney is most often set lower and much closer to the front of the body than a normal kidney. It’s also more likely to be hurt when there’s trauma to the abdomen than is a normal kidney. Wearing a medical alert bracelet will let emergency care providers know to be aware of the chance of kidney damage. Children with a horseshoe kidney should avoid contact sports.