Fifth Phase: Surgery

Major surgery should be reserved for patients with severe, unresponsive disease, and who are willing to accept the risks and lifelong changes associated with surgery. Surgery can be offered to patients with severely limited bladder capacity or severe symptoms that have not responded to other therapies. Most patients do not require major surgery for this condition.


Other Groups' Resources


Interstitial Cystitis (English)
Cistitis intersticial (Español)

National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse (NKUDIC)

Interstitial Cystitis/Painful Bladder Syndrome (English)
Lo que usted debe saber sobre la cistitis intersticial (sìndrome de vejiga dolorosa) (Español)

The International Painful Bladder Foundation

Interstitial Cystitis Association

Interstitial Cystitis Network