Treatment depends on the condition of the patient, how bad the kidney injury is, and if there are other injuries.
If the patient is stable and there’s no injury to other organs, the trauma might be treated without surgery. The patient will rest in the hospital until no more blood is seen in his/her urine. He/she is watched closely for bleeding and other problems. After leaving the hospital, a patient should be watched for signs of kidney damage like late bleeding or high blood pressure.
If a patient isn’t stable and is losing a lot of blood from the kidney, surgery may be done. Surgery can help the doctor get a better look at the injury. The aim of surgery is to fix and preserve the injured kidney. If the patient needs open surgery to repair other organs, the surgeon will check and fix the injured kidney as well. Sometimes a kidney is too badly injured, so it may need to be removed. Fortunately, kidneys are efficient organs and only one healthy kidney is needed for good health.
Today, most kidney injuries are handled without surgery. Many serious injuries can be treated with minimally invasive techniques. One method is angiographic embolization. Using this method, surgeons can reach the arteries of the kidneys through large blood vessels in the groin to stop bleeding.