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Standard Treatment Options by Cancer Stage

Stage I renal cell cancer treatment options:

  • Surgery (radical nephrectomy, simple nephrectomy, or partial nephrectomy)
  • Radiation therapy to relieve symptoms (mostly for patients who cannot have surgery)
  • Arterial embolization (a way to block the flow of blood to a tumor)
  • A clinical trial of a new treatment (research studies)

Stage II renal cell cancer treatment options:

  • Surgery (radical nephrectomy or partial nephrectomy)
  • Surgery (nephrectomy), before or after radiation therapy
  • Radiation therapy as palliative therapy to relieve symptoms in patients who cannot have surgery
  • Arterial embolization as palliative therapy
  • A clinical trial of a new treatment

Stage III renal cell cancer treatment options:

  • Surgery (radical nephrectomy). Blood vessels of the kidney and some lymph nodes may also be removed
  • Arterial embolization followed by surgery (radical nephrectomy)
  • Radiation therapy as palliative therapy to relieve symptoms and improve the quality of life
  • Arterial embolization as palliative therapy
  • Surgery (nephrectomy) as palliative therapy
  • Radiation therapy before or after surgery (radical nephrectomy)
  • A clinical trial of biologic therapy following surgery

Stage IV and recurrent renal cell cancer treatment options:

  • Surgery (radical nephrectomy)
  • Surgery (nephrectomy) to reduce the size of the tumor
  • Targeted therapy
  • Biologic therapy
  • Radiation therapy as palliative therapy to relieve symptoms and improve the quality of life
  • A clinical trial of a new treatment

Information from cited from: http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/pdq/treatment/renalcell/Patient/page5

 

Other Groups' Resources

Kidney Cancer Association

www.kidneycancer.org


MedlinePlus

Kidney Caner (English)
Cáncer de riñón (Español)


National Cancer Institute at the National Institutes of Health

Renal Cell Cancer Treatment – Patient Version

 

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