There are many unanswered questions about the causes of shy bladder. It can affect a toddler in preschool, someone in their early or late teenage years, or even in mid to late adult age. While some people cannot point to any single cause, others believe it was due to something that happened before or during the teen years, such as:
- being embarrassed by a parent
- being teased by classmates or siblings
- being harassed in public bathrooms or being sexually abused
Though many people go through varied types of embarrassment, not all people get shy bladder. Recent research in the field of neurology shows that there may be physical as well as mental or emotional aspects of the problem. There is also some proof that shy bladder might be passed down from parents to children.