Signs of a testicular tumor are:
- a painless lump in the testicle (the most common sign)
- a feeling of weight in the scrotum
- swelling of the testicle.(with or without pain)
- pain or a dull ache in the testicle, scrotum or groin.
Until proven otherwise, any lump or firm part of the testicle should be considered a potential tumor. Of the many men who are found to have testicular cancer, 75 out of 100 complain of painless swelling of the testicle and about 17 out of 100 may have pain.
Unfortunately, it is common for men to put off telling their health care provider about these signs (for up to an average of 5 months). Since the tumor can spread during that time, it is vital to reach out to a urologist right away when you have a symptom, especially if it lasts for more than 2 weeks. The urologist must rule out other issues such as:
- epididymitis (swelling of the epididymis)
- testicular torsion (twisting of the testicles)
- inguinal hernia (when a section of intestine pokes through a weak part of the stomach muscles near the groin)
- hydrocele (atypical fluid in the scrotum, may happen in 10 out of every 100 cases).