Because urethral strictures can come back after surgery, you should be followed by a urologist. After the catheter is removed, your doctor will want to check you with physical exams and X-rays as needed. Sometimes the doctor performs urethroscopy to check the repair. In some patients, the stricture may return but may not need additional treatment. But if it causes obstruction, it can be treated with urethrotomy or dilation. Repeat open surgery may be needed for serious strictures that come back.