Healing after surgery is fast and pain is often mild. You should avoid exercise for 10 to 14 days. You can often return to work 1 or 2 days after surgery. You’ll also followup with your urologist. For surgery done for fertility problems, semen analysis is done 3 to 4 months later, when new sperm develop.
Healing after embolization is also relatively short with only mild pain. You should avoid exercise for 7 to 10 days after the procedure. You can often return to work 1 or 2 days later. The recurrence rate with embolization is often higher than with surgery. But there are cases where embolization is preferred over surgery.
The impact of varicocele repair on fertility isn’t clear. Some studies show fertility improves after varicocele repair while other studies don’t. Semen quality improves in about 6 out of 10 infertile men after varicocele repair. This treatment should be considered along with other fertility treatment choices.
In teens, where the main reason for surgery is slow testicular growth, catch-up growth occurs in 8 out of 10 patients.