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Bladder cancer is cancer that begins in the bladder. …more

A chronic bladder health issue resulting in a feeling of pain and pressure in the bladder area. …more

A UTI is when bacteria get into your urine and travel up to your bladder. As many as 8% of girls and 2% of boys will get UTIs. Young children have a greater risk of kidney damage linked to UTI than older children or adults.…more

The most common symptom of OAB is a sudden urge to urinate that you can’t control.…more

Urinary incontinence is leaking of urine that you can’t control. Many American men and women suffer from urinary incontinence.…more

SUI is the most common type of urine leakage. It happens when activities like laughing or coughing cause urine to leak. Leakage can be a few drops to tablespoons or more.…more

When children urinate without control while they sleep, it is called nocturnal enuresis. It’s also known as bedwetting. …more

Neurogenic bladder is the name given to a number of urinary conditions in people who lack bladder control due to a brain, spinal cord or nerve problem.…more

Bladder control depends on muscles working together when the bladder is filling. The bladder muscle should be relaxed and the muscles around the urethra (the tube that urine passes through), called the pelvic floor muscles, should be tight.…more

If you wake up more than one time each night to go to the bathroom, you may have nocturia. Sleep disruption from having to urinate during the night can impact your quality of life. About 1 in 3 adults over the age of 30 experience nocturia. …more

During routine visits to your health care provider, you are often asked to give a urine sample for testing. Many tests are routinely performed on it, like checking for sugar (diabetes), bacteria (infection) and blood. Blood in the urine that you do not see is called “microscopic hematuria.”…more

The urethra’s main job in males and females is to pass urine outside the body. This thin tube also has an important role in ejaculation for men. When a scar from swelling, injury or infection blocks or slows the flow of urine in this tube, it is called a urethral stricture. Some people feel pain with a urethral stricture.…more

Normally, urine flows one way, down from the kidneys, through tubes called ureters, to the bladder. But what happens when urine flows from the bladder back into the ureters? This is called vesicoureteral reflux.…more

Paruresis, often called “shy bladder” syndrome, is when you have trouble urinating when other people are around. Depending on how bad it is, some people are not able to void without some or total privacy.…more

Urinary diversion is when the normal structures are bypassed and an opening is made in the urinary system to bring the urine out another way. This might need to be done if your bladder stops working the right way or had to be removed because of cancer or an injury.…more

A bladder fistula is when an opening forms between the bladder and some other organ or the skin. Most often the bladder opens to the bowel ("enterovesical fistula") or the vagina ("vesicovaginal fistula").…more

A bladder diverticulum is a pouch in the bladder wall that a person may either be born with ("congenital") or get later ("acquired"). …more

The bladder isn’t injured often. The bones in the pelvis protect it from most outside forces. But the bladder can be injured by blows or piercing objects. Most often these are related to pelvic fracture. Timely evaluation and proper management are critical for the best outcomes.…more

Urethral diverticulum (UD) is a pocket or pouch that forms along the urethra. Because of its location, it can be filled with urine and lead to infections. It is can cause: a painful vaginal mass, ongoing pelvic pain, and many urinary tract infections (UTIs).…more

Irregularities of the urethra in young boys are rare. But they can cause problems with urination.…more

Benign lesions in the urinary tracts of young girls are rare. But when they happen, they can cause problems.…more

Bladder augmentation is an operation performed to increase the size of the bladder. This type of surgery is for patients whose bladder is not large enough to hold the usual amount of urine made by the kidneys. In some patients, the urine may leak from the bladder, causing wetting (incontinence).…more

Bladder exstrophy is an abnormality present at birth in which the bladder and associated structures are improperly formed. Rather than being its normal round shape, the bladder is flattened. The skin, muscle and pelvic bones joining the lower part of the abdomen do not form properly so the inside of the bladder is exposed outside the abdomen. There are associated deficiencies of the abdominal muscles and pelvic bones also.…more

Cystoscopy, or cystourethroscopy, is a procedure that lets a urologist view the inside of the bladder and urethra in detail.…more

Most of us are born with two ureters, one from each kidney to drain urine into the bladder. Some (1 in 125 people), on the other hand, have two ureters draining a kidney. This is called "duplex anomaly" of the kidney. A "duplex anomaly" can be associated with a variety of conditions that can affect the kidney health. One of these conditions is referred to as "ureterocele."…more

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From conditions to treatments to surgical devices and more, we've put everything you need to know about urology in one convenient place.

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