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Testicular self-examination is when you check your testicles for any abnormalities. It is important to know what feels normal and to be able to notice any changes.…more

Angiography is the x-ray imaging of blood vessels using a contrast agent (dye). The dye makes the blood vessels visible with an x-ray.…more

Antegrade pyelography uses special contrast agent (dye) to produce detailed X-ray pictures of the upper urinary tract (kidney and ureter). It is commonly used to diagnose conditions including hydronephrosis, ureteropelvic junction (UPJ) obstruction and obstruction of the ureters.…more

Also referred to as bladder scan, radionuclide cystogram is a diagnostic nuclear test that uses a solution containing radioactive material to outline the bladder to diagnose conditions such as reflux, distention or incomplete emptying.…more

The most common blood test, a Complete Blood Count (CBC), is done to get information on the number of red, white and platelet cells in the blood. It tells your medical team the state of your health.…more

Contrast and Radionuclide Cystography tests are used to diagnose bladder problems. It helps your urologist see how well the bladder works, and to find the cause of infections or check for tumors or stones. It is a way to look closely at the bladder walls.…more

Computed axial tomography (also known as "CT scan" or "CAT scan") combines x-rays and computer processing to make very detailed images. It can clearly show tissues and organs. These images can be stored, viewed on a monitor, or printed on film.…more

Cystometry, or cystometrogram, with a pressure flow study is part of urodynamic testing (or UDS). These tests measure how well the bladder functions. They help diagnose problems related to urine control. These can be incontinence, difficulty emptying the bladder, overactive bladder, obstructions or frequent infections.…more

Cystoscopy, or cystourethroscopy, is a procedure that lets a urologist view the inside of the bladder and urethra in detail.…more

Intravenous Pyelogram (IVP) is an x-ray exam that uses a special dye to outline the kidneys, ureters and bladder. It can show how your renal and urinary system handles fluid waste. This helps your health care team find problems in the urinary tract. IVP is used to diagnose why a patient has blood in their urine, or pain in their side/lower back. It can also show us how each person’s unique kidneys and urinary system is made.…more

A renal nuclear medical scan is used to diagnose certain kidney diseases. It shows not only what the kidneys look like, but also how well they work. Your doctor can use this to pinpoint certain health issues much sooner than with other methods.…more

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) uses radio waves and magnets to make detailed pictures of the body’s organs and soft tissues. These images can be seen in 3-D (3 dimensions).…more

Retrograde pyelography is a form of x-ray used to get detailed pictures of the ureters and kidneys. Retrograde pyelography uses a special dye (“contrast agent”) injected into the ureters. The dye makes the ureters and kidneys more easily seen on the x-ray. This test is like an intravenous pyelogram (IVP). But with IVP, the dye is injected into a vein instead of the ureter.…more

An ultrasound exam (or “sonogram”) is a painless diagnostic technique that makes use of how sound waves travel through the body. When sound waves pass through the body, they bounce off tissues and organs in certain ways. The reflected waves can be used to make images of the organs inside. The sound waves don’t hurt the body, and there’s no radiation.…more

Urinalysis is a test used to examine the content of a urine sample. A urinalysis is used: to diagnose things like a urinary tract infection, kidney disease, kidney stones, diabetes or pregnancy; before an operation to screen for problems; and to monitor your health if you’ve been diagnosed with a medical condition like kidney disease or urinary tract disease.…more

A urine culture is used to identify a urinary tract infection with a sample of "clean-catch" (midstream) urine.…more

Urine cytology is a test to screen a patient’s urine for cancer cells. This is one of many tools used to diagnose cancers in the urinary tract, including bladder, kidney, prostate, ureter and urethra cancers.…more

Urodynamic studies (UDS) test how well the bladder, sphincters, and urethra hold and release urine. These tests can show how well the bladder works and why there could be leaks or blockages.…more

Uroflowmetry is a diagnostic test used to measure the flow of urine during urination. The speed of urine flow is measured electronically and the flow rate is calculated as milliliters of urine passed per second. Both average and maximum flow rates can be measured.…more

Science has given urologists a bevy of tools to probe the most private parts of the body in diagnosing urinary and renal disease. Every modern imaging technology, from conventional X-rays to radionuclide imaging, has found its way into urologic radiology's arsenal. The good news for physicians is that they have many options to explore the kidneys, ureters, bladder and surrounding structures. The better news for patients is that today's tests are thorough, relatively pain-free and often quick.…more

Called a VCUG or cystogram, this test shows your doctor the size of your bladder and how well it can drain. The test is also used to pinpoint anything abnormal about the urethra and the bladder. For example, it can find a problem with the narrowing of the urethra (stricture ) or help uncover VUR (vesicoureteral reflux ), a condition in which urine flows back up from the bladder through the ureter and into the kidney.…more

In medicine, "imaging" is the term used for any method to take pictures of bones and organs inside the body. Many imaging modalities use x-ray radiation whichcan help your health care provider find the cause of a medical problem.…more

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