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Thankfully, kidney tumors are rare in children, with some of them being highly treatable and usually curable. But would you know how to recognize this condition? The following information should help you spot this tumor long before it becomes a life-threatening issue.…more

In children with testicular cancer, cancerous cells are found in the tissues of one or both testicles. Testicular tumors in children are rare, most likely treatable and most often curable.…more

A UTI is when bacteria get into your urine and travel up to your bladder. As many as 8% of girls and 2% of boys will get UTIs. Young children have a greater risk of kidney damage linked to UTI than older children or adults.…more

When children urinate without control while they sleep, it is called nocturnal enuresis. It’s also known as bedwetting. …more

The testicles (or "testes") are two organs that hang in a pouch-like skin sac (the scrotum) below the penis. The testicles are where sperm and testosterone (the male sex hormone) are made. An undescended testicle (or "testis") is when it fails to drop into the normal place in the scrotum.…more

Circumcision is cutting away the skin ("foreskin") that covers the tip of a baby's penis. In recent years, newborn circumcision has been a hot topic of debate.…more

Testicular Torsion is when tissues around the testicle (also known as the “testis”) are not attached well. This can cause the testes to twist around the spermatic chord. When this happens, it cuts off the blood flow to the testicle. It can cause pain and swelling, and should be treated as an emergency.…more

Most boys are born with a penis that looks normal and works well. But some boys are born with a common condition called hypospadias. Hypospadias forms a penis that not only doesn’t work well but also doesn’t look normal.…more

A varicocele is when veins become enlarged inside your scrotum (the pouch of skin that holds your testicles). These veins are called the pampiniform plexus. Ten to 15 of every 100 males have a varicocele. It is like getting a varicose vein in your leg.…more

Epispadias is a rare congenital (present at birth) abnormality that involves the opening of the urethra (the tube from which urine exit the bladder). In boys with epispadias, the urethra opens in top of the penis rather than the tip. The space between this opening and tip of the penis appears like an open book (gutter). In girls with epispadias, the urethral opening is towards the clitoris or even belly area. This results in the external genitalia and urethra not forming or functioning well.…more

As a baby develops, three (3) openings normally form for the intestinal, genital and urinary tracts. In early stages of pregnancy, these three openings join together in a sac called “Cloaca.” They then separate from each other to form the anus, vagina and urethra. In rare cases, this area may develop incorrectly.…more

Bladder exstrophy is an abnormality present at birth in which the bladder and associated structures are improperly formed. Rather than being its normal round shape, the bladder is flattened. The skin, muscle and pelvic bones joining the lower part of the abdomen do not form properly so the inside of the bladder is exposed outside the abdomen. There are associated deficiencies of the abdominal muscles and pelvic bones also.…more

Most kidneys work well cleaning the blood from waste and keeping the body’s fluids and electrolytes in balance. A problem can occur during early kidney development in utero that results in an abnormal kidney (kidney dysplasia). Cysts, or fluid filled sacs, replace normal kidney tissue. As a result, kidney function can deteriorate before or after birth. Children with end stage kidney function will require blood-filtering treatment (kidney dialysis) until a kidney is available to be transplanted.…more

Testicular Torsion is when a loose testicle twists around the spermatic chord. When this happens, it cuts off the blood flow to the testicle. It should be treated as a medical emergency. This is thankfully a rare problem, especially in newborns.…more

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