Testicular Self-Examination (TSE)
A testicular self-examination is an examination of the testicles to help detect testicular cancer in the early stages. It is important to do testicular exams every month in order to detect any abnormalities.
The best time to examine your testicles is right after a hot bath or shower. The scrotal skin is most relaxed at this time and the testicles can be felt more easily. The exam should be done while standing and will only takes few minutes.
How to do a testicular self-exam:
- Examine the scrotum visually for swelling
- Gently feel the scrotal sac to locate a testicle
- Examine each testicle separately by firmly and gently rolling each testicle between the thumb and fingers of both hands to examine the entire surface
- It is important to note that it is normal for one testicle to be slightly larger than the other and to feel a cord-like structure - the epididymis - on the top and back of each testicle
If you find a small hard lump (pea-size), swelling or notice any other concerning differences, contact your urologist as soon as you can. Also, have your physician evaluate you if you experience pain or tenderness.
Reviewed January 2011