Pyelonephritis is a type of urinary tract infection where one or both kidneys become infected. They can be infected by bacteria or a virus. It can cause people to feel very sick and it requires treatment. This article will tell you more about kidney infection and what to do about it.
Male Urinary Tract
Female Urinary Tract
The urinary tract is the body’s drainage system. It includes two kidneys, two ureters, a bladder, and a urethra.
Healthy kidneys work day and night to clean our blood. These 2 bean-shaped organs are found near the middle of the back, just below the ribs. One kidney sits on each side of the spine.
Our kidneys are our body’s main filter. They clean about 150 quarts of blood daily. Every day, they form about 1-2 quarts of urine by pulling water and waste from the blood. Urine normally travels from the kidneys down to the bladder and out through the urethra.
As a filter, the kidney controls many things to keep us healthy:
- Fluid balance
- Electrolyte levels (e.g., sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium, acid)
- Waste removal in the form of urine
- The regulation of blood pressure and red blood cell counts
When the kidneys are damaged, they may not function well. In most cases, some damage won’t cause too many problems. But, major damage may require more treatment, like dialysis.