The treatment plan that you choose with your doctor depends on many things:
- Tumor grade and stage
- Your age
- Your overall health and health history
- Your anatomy (the anatomy of your kidney collection system)
- Watch and Wait (Active Surveillance)
- Renal tumor ablation (freeze or heat)
- Surgery to remove the tumor(s)
- Targeted therapy to kill cancer cells
- Immunotherapy/biologic therapy to kill cancer cells
- Radiation to relieve pain and symptoms
- A clinical trial to try a new treatment
When kidney cancer is caught early, the chances of a surgical cure are good. Overall the outlook depends on two things:
- How aggressive the cancer cells are. Low-grade disease is less aggressive. It has a lower chance of spreading to other organs. High-grade disease is more aggressive with a higher chance of spreading.
- How far the tumor has spread. If the tumor does not involve nearby lymph nodes or other tissue, there is a good chance for cure. Additional treatments would not be needed. If the cancer has spread, your doctor will probably recommend additional treatment.