What Causes Prostatitis and Related Chronic Pelvic Pain?

Male Genitourinary Anatomy

It isn't clear what causes most cases of prostatitis. Generally, the nerves and muscles in the pelvis cause you to feel pain because of:

  • prostate infection
  • inflammation
  • some other problem

Some cases are due to infections. Bacteria can get into the prostate when infected urine flows backwards from the urethra. Bacterial prostatitis cannot be passed from one person to another during sex. So a sex partner can't catch this infection.

CP/CPPS may be caused by bacteria such as chlamydia, mycoplasma (which may be passed during sex), or ureaplasma. Or it may occur if your body reacts to an infection or injury that happened in the past.

What are the Risk Factors for Prostatitis?

Prostatitis is a common, painful disease that can occur in men of all ages.

The causes of most cases of prostatitis are not fully understood. But there are certain things that can raise the risk of getting prostatitis caused by bacteria. For example, you have a greater chance of getting bacterial prostatitis if you have had:

  • a catheter (a tube to drain fluid from the body) or other instrument recently placed in your urethra
  • an abnormality found in your urinary tract
  • a recent bladder infection

Can Prostatitis be Prevented?

Most cases of prostatitis cannot be prevented. If you practice safe sex, you can lower your chances of getting the types of prostatitis caused by infections.