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Frequently Asked Questions

How long does sperm retrieval take?

Retrieval time depends on:

  • The cause of the azoospermia
  • The technique used
  • How soon sperm are found

The procedure can take anywhere from minutes to hours.

How much does a sperm retrieval cost?

The cost of sperm retrieval depends on a number of things. Some of these are:

  • Type of procedure
  • Where the procedure is done (office or operating room)
  • How long the procedure takes
  • Whether sperm are being used fresh or will be frozen for later use

Procedures done in the office under local anesthesia avoid surgical center or anesthesia costs.

What happens if no sperm are found?

It's rare to not find any sperm in cases of obstructive azoospermia.

With non-obstructive azoospermia, sperm may not be retrieved in 20% to 80% of cases. This depends on what caused the non-obstructive azoospermia.

There's always a chance that no sperm will be found. This can be emotionally draining for you and your partner. Couples should discuss this possibility with each other and their doctors before the procedure.

One option is to use donor sperm as backup for IVF/ICSI. The decision to use donor sperm is very personal. Couples should talk about it and prepare for it before surgery. If using donor sperm isn't an option and no sperm are retrieved, you may think about adopting a child.