How do you do a Testicular Self-Exam?

Male Reproductive Organs
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  • Do the exam while standing.
  • Look for swelling in the scrotum.
  • Gently feel the scrotal sac to find a testicle.
  • Check each testicle one at a time by firmly and gently rolling it between the thumb and fingers of both hands to feel the whole surface.


  • It is normal for one testicle to be slightly larger than the other
  • It is normal to feel a cord-like structure (called the epididymis) on the top and back of each testicle

Check with your health care provider:

  • if you find a small, hard lump (pea size)
  • if there is swelling, pain or soreness
  • if you see or feel any other changes.