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What are Prostatitis and Related Chronic Pelvic Pain Conditions?

Prostate Anatomy

Prostatitis is a common, often painful condition that can happen to men of all ages.

Pelvic pain in and around the prostate may be from:

  • An infection caused by bacteria
  • Inflammation (painful, red, swollen tissue) from an injury or infection
  • Some other problem

If you think you have prostatitis or have long-term or sharp pelvic pain, talk to a doctor so you can get help.

The Prostate

The prostate is a small, walnut-shaped gland that is part of the male reproductive system. It sits under the bladder and in front of the rectum. The prostate is surrounded by muscles and nerves. The urethra (the tube that carries urine and semen out of the body) passes through the prostate.

The prostate's main job is to help make fluid for semen. Semen protects and energizes sperm as they travel to the female egg.